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The influence of combined alignments on lateral acceleration on mountainous freeways

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Combined horizontal and vertical alignments are frequently used in mountainous freeways in China; However, design guidelines that consider the safety impact of combined alignments are not currently available. Past field studies have provided some data on the relationship between road alignment and
safety, but the effects of differing combined alignments on either lateral acceleration or safety have not systematically examined. The primary reason for this void in past research is that most of the prior studies used observational methods that did not permit control of the key variables. A controlled parametric study is needed that examines lateral acceleration as drivers adjust their speeds across a range of combined horizontal and vertical alignments. Such a study was conducted in Tongji University’s eight-degree-of-freedom driving simulator by replicating the full range of combined alignments used on a mountainous freeway in China. Multiple linear regression models were developed to estimate the effects of the combined alignments on lateral acceleration. Based on these models, domains were calculated to illustrate the results and to assist engineers to design safer mountainous freeways.

Xuesong Wang, Ting Wang, Andrew Tarko, Paul Tremont. The influence of combined alignments on lateral acceleration on mountainous freeways: a driving simulator study. Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 76, Pages 110-117, March 2015.(EI,SSCI)

 

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